The Sacred Rock of the Acropolis covers an area of 30.000 square meters. Its height above the level of the surrounding space is 70 metres. The Parthenon stands on the highest point of the sacred rock of the Acropolis. It is constructed entirely of Pentelic marble. It is in the Doric order and it is 69.51 meters long and 30,86 meters wide.
Τhe Odeum of Herodes Atticus: Built in 161 AD by the wealthy magnate and sophist Athenian Herodes in memory of his wife. It is restored in 1960 and every summer fills with spectators attending performances of ancient drama but also concerts, ballet and opera.
The Acropolis Museum: At the top floor there is the frieze, the most original sculptural decoration of the Temple, which represents the procession of the Panathenaia, the ancient city’s major festival. It is 160 meters long and it includes about 600 figures of Gods, humans and animals. Under the floor of the Museum you can see the ruins of the ancient metropolis of Athens. If you visit the MUSEUM you have to start from th 4th floor! You will realize better what it is about!
Τhe Philopappus’ Hill and his mausoleum. It is about 500 meters to the west of the Acropolis and it was called the Museion. It was dedicated to the nine Muses, patron divinities of the Arts and Siences. It is known as the Philopappus’ Hill, because on its summit is the richly decorated mausoleum built by the Athenians in the second century AD to honour the Syrian benefactor of their city, the Roman ruler Gaius Julius Antiochus Philopappus.
The Temple of the Olympian Zeus or the Olympieion is very near, 5 min walk. It is the largest ancient Temple in Athens. It is built in an open space over 200 meters long and 130 meters wide in the 6th century B.C. The Temple in the Doric order. Only 16 out of the 104 gigantic columns, 17.25 meters high, survive.
The area of the sanctuary of Zeus Olympios is full of memories of myth and ancient greek history. The river Illissos flowed through here. Deukalion built an altar dedicated to Zeus. The area was home to the Kallirrhoe spring and the cave of the Nymphs.
Plaka at the foot of the sacred rock of the Acropolis spreads the oldest neighborhood in Athens, Plaka. In its picturesque narrow streets beats the heart of the old city.
YOU MUST GO THERE!
The most important of all: the ARCHEOLOGICAL Museum! Enjoy your stay in Athens!
EXCELLENT food and music: Restaurant ODOS AISCHYLOU, plateia Psirri,tel: 210 3244117-8